法学精品课

课程视频简介

This course seeks to provide the students the main outlines and issues in contemporary American foreign policy since the end of WWII, mainly through tracing and examining the formation and evolution of specific policies in different areas.

主讲人: Haitao Huang

Associate professor of International Relations at Zhou Enlai School of Government, Nankai University. 

Email: huanght@nankai.edu.cn


Research Areas

IR theories, American foreign policy and Sino-US relations.

Teaching courses

American Foreign Policy, International Law and IR Research Methods. 

Books(Translated)

A practical guide (Chongqing University Press, 2014) and John Gerring’s Case

Study Research

Principle and Practice (Chongqing University Press, 2017)


This course is to introduce and examine the causes and consequences of American foreign policy. We will cover the critical historical/current issues and controversies over them. More importantly, we will use certain analytical instruments / theoretical approaches to explain/understand such issues.

Like it or not,U.S.hegemony is the reality of our time (notwithstanding the serious economic and military problems it faces). Its policy seriously impact, even shape the course of politics in other courtiers. How do we understand the U.S. foreign policy, one of the most important and salient components of the sole hegemony?Who are supposed to make decisions? How and Why? Is there any chance to explain the events happened inKorea,Vietnam, andIraq? How do we appreciate the “Pivot to Asia”? Is it just a slogan or a real “containment” toChina? This course seeks to examine the evolution of American foreign policy, especially to discover the continuities and changes by tracing the history, through critical account of specific policy with the policy-making and implementation process. But that’s not enough. The historical data must be analyzed through certain theoretical framework, since you’re not taking part in a story-telling party. The course will employ different research tools and offer you the opportunity to get your own understanding of the issue.

The course emphasizes students’ ability to think and judge independently about international affairs. I strongly encourage (informed) class discussion. You should read required texts in advance and actively participate in the Discussion Section to maximize your learning from this course. I’m expecting you to contribute your wisdom and enthusiasm.


 Course Level: Undergraduate and graduate student

 

3. Course Credits: 3

 

4. Prerequisite

——Introduction to International Relations

——Theories of International Relations

——Diplomacy


INTRODUCTION 

PART I  OVERVIEW

  Module One: Approaches of American Foreign Policy Study

 Module Two: Defining National Interests of US

  Module Three: The Evolution of US Grand Strategies 

PART II  CASES

  Module Four: Origins of the Cold War and the Strategy of Containment

  Module Five: Berlin, Vietnam, Cuba and the Decision Making in Crises

  Module Six: Interventions in the Post-Cold War Era

  Module Seven: War on Terror and “New” Threats 

PART III  REFLECTION

  Module Eight: The Rise and Fall of Hegemony

  Module Nine: U.S. and China in the Future 

FINAL REVIEW 


Required Readings:

Module One:

Kenneth Waltz, Theory of international Politics, Chap.5:”Political Structures” & Chap.6: “Anarchic Orders and Balances of Power”.

Ole Holsti, “Models of International Relations and Foreign Policy”.

James Dougherty et al., Contending Theories of International Relations, Chap.11: “Decision-Making Theories: Choice and the Unit Level Actor”.

John Ruggie, “The Past as Prologue? Interests, Identity, and American Foreign Policy”, International Security (Spring 1997).

Jack Snyder, “One World, Rival Theories”, Foreign Policy (Nov. /Dec. 2004).

 

Module Two:

Samuel Huntington, “The Erosion of American National Interests”, Foreign Affairs, Vol.76, No.5, 1997.

Francis Fukuyama, “The Two Faces of National Interest”, Foreign Affairs, Vol.73, No.4, 1994

Hans Morgenthau, “Another Great Debate: The National Interest of theUnited States”, American Political Science Review, Dec.1952.

 

Module Three:

Barry Posen and Andrew Ross, “Competing Visions for US Grand Strategy,” International Security, Vol. 21 (Winter 1996/1997),

Michael Mastanduno, “Preserving the Unipolar Moment: Realist Theories and US Grand Strategy after the Cold War,” International Security 21 (Spring 1997)

John Ikenberry, “America’s Liberal Grand Strategy”.

Harold Hongju Koh, “Why the President (Almost) Always Wins in Foreign Affairs: Lessons of theIran– Contra Affair”, The Yale Law Journal, Vol.97, No.7 (June 1988).

James Lindsay, “Congress, Foreign Policy, and the New Institutionalism”, International Studies Quartly, Vol.38, No.2 (June, 1994).

Michael Mastanduno, “TheUnited   StatesPolitical System and International Leadership: A “Decidedly Inferior” Form of Government?”

 

Module Four:

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George Kennan, “The Sources of Soviet Conduct”.

Gaddis. Strategies of Containment. Chap.1&2.

Stephen Ambrose and Douglas Brinkley, Rise to Globalism, Chap.4-7.

 

Module Five:

Ambrose and Brinkley, Rise to Globalism, Chap.10-12.

Graham Allison, “Conceptual Models and the Cuban Missile Crisis”.

Stephen Krasner, “Are Bureaucracies Important? (Or Allison Wonderland )”, Foreign Policy, summer, 1972.

Daniel Hallin, “The Media, the War inVietnam, and Political Support: A Critique of the Thesis of an Oppositional Media”, Journal of Politics, Vol.46, No.1, 1984.

 

Module Six:

Samuel Huntington, ”American Ideals Versus American Institutions”.

David Schmitz and Vanessa Walker, “Jimmy Carter and the Foreign Policy of Human Rights”, Diplomatic History, Vol.28, No.1 (2004).

Mi Yung Yoon, “Explaining US Intervention in Third World Internal Wars, 1945-1989”, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Vol.41, No.4.

Adam Roberts, “Humanitarian War: Military Intervention and Human Rights”, International Affairs, Vol.69, No.3 (July 1993).

Matthew Baum, “How Public Opinion Constrains the Use of Force: The Case of Operation Restore Hope”, Presidential Studies Quarterly, Vol.34, No.2 (2004).

Charmers Johnson, “Militarism and the American Empire”.

--“The Last Days of the American Republic”

Zhang Ruizhuang. “Kosovo Farce and the New World Order”.

 

Module Seven:

Samuel Huntington, “The Coming Clash of Civilizations: Or, the West Against the Rest”.

Robert Pape, “The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism”, American Political Science Review, Vol.97, No.3, 2003

Barry Posen, “The Struggle Against Terrorism: Grand Strategy, Strategy, and Tactics”, International Security, Vol.26, No.3, 2001/02.

Stephen Walt, “Beyond bin Laden: Reshaping US Foreign Policy”, International Security, Vol.26, No.3, 2001/02

Michael Mazar, “Going Just a Little Nuclear: Non-Proliferation Lessons fromNorth Korea”, International Security, Vol.20, No.2, 1995

Ian Jackson, “Nuclear Energy and Proliferation Risks: Myths and Realities in the Persian Gulf”, International Affair, Vol.85, No.6, 2009.

Kenneth Waltz, “Nuclear Myths and Political Realities”, American Political Science Review, Vol.84, No.3, 1990.

 

Module Eight:

Walter Lafeber, “The “Lion in the Path”: TheUSEmergence as a World Power”, Political Science Quarterly, Vol.101, No.5 (1986).

Christopher Layne, “The Unipolar Illusion: Why New Great Powers Will Rise”, International Seccurity Vol.17 (Spring 1993).

John Ikenberry. “America's Imperial Ambition”, Foreign Affairs 81, No. 5 (September/October 2002).

Stephen Peter Posen, “An Empire, If You Can Keep It”, National Interest, No.71 (Spring 2003).

Charles, Krauthammer, “The Unipolar Moment Revisited”.

Huntington, “Lonely Superpower”

Brooks el al., “America's Primacy in Perspective”

Cooper, “The new liberal imperialism”

 

Module Nine:

Robert Kagan, “China’s No.1 Enemy”, New York Times, May 11, 1999.

Thomas Christensen, “Posing Problems without Catching Up:China’s Rise and Challenges for U.S. Security,” International Security 25 (Spring 2001).

David Shambaugh, “Containment or Engagement ofChina,” International Security (Fall 1996).

George Gilboy and Eric Heginbothan, “Getting Realism:U.S.Asia (andChina) Policy Reconceived,” The National Interest (Fall 2002), pp. 99-109.

Wang Yi, Toward a New Model of Major-Country Relations Between China and the United States, remarks to Brookings Institute, Sept. 20, 2013.


Eugene Wittkopf, Charles Kegley and James Scott, American Foreign Policy: Pattern and Process, Bedford/St Martins, 2005.

Recommend Readings:

l  Charles Kupchan, The End of an American Era: US Foreign Policy and the Geopolitics of the Twenty-first Century, New   York: Knopf, 2002.

l Edward Djerejian, Changing Mind, Winning Peace: A New Strategic Direction forU.S.Public Diplomacy in the Arab &Muslim World.

l  Fareed Zakaria, From Wealth to Power: The Unusual Origins of America’s World Role, 1998.

l  Henry Kissinger, Diplomacy.

l  Henry Nau, At Home Abroad: Identity and Power in American Foreign Policy, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2002.

l  John Ikenberry, ed. American Foreign Policy: Theoretical Essays. 5th ed. New York, NY: Longman, 2004.

l  John Lewis Gaddis, Strategies of Containment: A Critical Appraisal of Postwar American National Security Policy. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 1982.

l  Joseph Nye, The Paradox of American Power: Why the World’s Only Superpower Can’t Go it Alone?

l  Kenneth Lieberthal and Wang Jisi, Addressing U.S.–China Strategic Distrust, Brookings Institute, 2012.

l  Michael Brown, et al, America’s Strategic Choices, Cambridge: MIT Press, 1997/2000

l  Michael Hunt, Ideology and US Foreign Policy.

l  Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers.

l  Peter Rodman, Uneasy Giant: The Challenges to American Predominance.

l  Robert Art, A Grand Strategy for America, Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2003.

l  Robert Jervis, Perception and Misperception in International Politics.

l  Robert Jervis, American Foreign Policy in a New Era, New York: Routledge, 2005

l  Stephen Walt, The Origin of Alliances.

l  Stephen Ambrose and Douglas Brinkley. Rise to Globalism, 8th edition (New York: Penguin, 1997).

l  Tang Tsou, America’s Failure in China 1941-1950. 


Students are required to complete 3 book reports and 1 take-home essay for the course. The topics and specific requirements of the essay will be assigned and the essay should be turned in in two weeks.

 Your grade for the course will be based on the following factors: (1) participation (including attendance, preparation and presentation) 30%, (2) book reports, 10% each and (3) essay, 40%.